HISTORY OF AYURVEDA – HOW THE SCIENCE OF HEALING DEVELOPED?
Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine that originated in India through the knowledge acquired by sages and chronicled subsequently by their disciples. The term Ayurveda is made up of two words ‘Ayur’ meaning life and ‘veda’ meaning knowledge. According to sources, Ayurveda has its roots more than 5000 years ago and Charaka, the great physician is credited to be the father of this medicine system. His compilation Charaka Samhita is considered the first Ayurvedic text on internal medicine and was developed around 6th century BC. His work also marks the starting point of history of Ayurveda.
Ayurveda – a scientific approach
Ayurveda in India continued to grow in substance with time through the transfer of knowledge and dedicated practice by disciples as they learned from their gurus. Hailed as the oldest medicine system on earth, Ayurveda is fully scientific and follows basic rules that spread along the fundamental elements of life, which are vata, pitta and kapha. It is believed in Ayurveda that every ailment and disease condition in human body is caused due to the imbalances between these three elements.
The sources of Ayurveda –
Ayurveda as a body of medical knowledge and practice found dimension mainly in Atharva Veda where it can be found as its upveda. Studies and researches have also traced connection of Ayurveda to Indian Hindu spirituality and we can find the mention of Hindu gods which are held as the inventors of this traditional medicine system. Dhanvantari is listed as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and has been associated with the science of Ayurveda. However, greater credit is attributed to the practitioners who kept on augmenting the knowledge body of Ayurveda and developed it into a refined theory. Today, Ayurveda in India and world is an acclaimed medicine system and is showcasing potential to cure even the conditions that have been refused by modern approaches.